Iron Men and Tin Fish, by Anthony James Newpower
U.S. submarines in World War II performed their missions with
courage, skill, and lethal efficiency.  By war’s end, submarines
accounted for 1,178 merchant ship sinkings, totaling 5,053,491
tons.  Additionally, 214 Imperial Japanese Navy vessels joined
their merchant brethren in the depths of the Pacific.  As
impressive as these numbers were, they should have been even
higher.  For the first half of the war, defective torpedoes foiled
many well-planned attacks.  Captains suspected the torpedoes,
but senior commanders ignored them, choosing instead to
criticize tactics and crew performance.  
Iron Men and Tin Fish
tells the story of the submariners who found and fixed these
problems and transformed the submarine force into the deadly
commerce raiders who d
ecimated Japan's maritime economy.  
Published by
Praeger Security International, the book is now
available in stores and online.
Endorsements for Iron Men and Tin Fish:
"Having experienced my own share of torpedo difficulties in nine war
patrols in the Pacific in World War II, I was especially interested in

 It far exceeded my expectations.  Anthony Newpower has written a
fascinating account of the role that torpedoes played in WWII.  In this
carefully-researched book he weaves the torpedo experiences of
Germany, Britain and the US within a riveting account of submarine
warfare in WWII.  The narratives of US submarine experiences with
faulty torpedoes make exciting and rewarding reading and the recounting
of the decision-making on torpedo problems at the high level is
beautifully done.

 This is a highly worthwhile book which I strongly recommend to
anyone interested in naval history."

--Vice Admiral James F. Calvert, USN (Ret.)  World War II submarine
veteran and author of
Surface at the Pole: the Extraordinary Voyages of
USS Skate and Silent Running: My Years on a World War II
Attack Submarine
“The unhappy saga of the US Navy’s Mark 14 torpedo and its Mark VI
magnetic exploder is, perhaps, a perfect example of the mayhem that can
be created when experts bury their heads in the sand and steadfastly
refuse to face facts. The ensuing scandal was to cost America dear in
the opening period of the Pacific war.
Based upon normally unseen archive material which does not spare the
blushes of those responsible, author Newpower tells the detailed story in
vivid style. As an example of determined submariners, betrayed by
inadequately tested technology, battling with bureaucratic dinosaurs
determined not to listen, this enthralling account will certainly have a
place on my book shelves."

--Edwyn Gray, distinguished naval historian and author of
The Devil's
Device: Robert Whitehead and the History of the Torpedo , 19th
Century Torpedoes and their Inventors
and numerous other books
related to submarine and naval history
"I can vouch for the validity of Tony Newpower’s carefully researched
story of U.S. submarine torpedo failures in WWII. From early in the
war, as Torpedo Data Computer Operator and later Commanding Officer
in DRUM (SS228), I fired 125 torpedoes. Every failure mode—deep
running, Exploder Mk VI malfunctions, premature explosions, and duds
which failed to explode on striking the target—caused anguish, deprived
DRUM of deserved sinkings, and prolonged the war a year or more.  
IRON MEN AND TIN FISH is a valuable addition to every submarine
aficionado’s library."

--Rear Admiral Maurice H. Rindskopf, U. S. Navy (Retired);  USS
DRUM (SS228) 1941-1944; Commanding Officer 1944
"Iron Men and Tin Fish is set in the unforgiving combat environment of
American submarines in World War Two.  Anthony Newpower relates
just how handicapped these submarines were by poor torpedoes and he
gives an informed account of the long and difficult path to rectifying
their multiple problems.  But he goes further by describing the experience
of other navies, notably the parallel shortcomings of German U-boat
torpedoes.  The author’s writing style is easy to read and I heartily
recommend this book to all interested in naval history and its lessons for
the future."

--David Jones, Brisbane, Australia, Co-author of
U.S. Subs Down
Under: Brisbane 1942-1945
"Iron Men and Tin Fish is a great read.  It should be mandatory reading
for all who go to sea in Navy ships.  It will leave a lasting impression
regarding the value of intellectual arguments and why we as Navy
personnel have a sacred responsibility to call a "spade a spade" when
warfighting readiness is questioned."

--Vice Admiral Albert H. Konetzni, U.S. Navy (Retired); Commander
Submarines, Pacific Fleet May 1998 - May 2001